Ebru is the art of creating patterns and designs on water and then transferring the designs onto paper, canvas, fabric or any other suitable medium.
This art form began in Ottoman Turkey and Central Asia. In Turkey, it was used in book binding and as a background for official papers.
The technique uses water mixed with carrageenan to enhance its viscosity, natural pigments usually found in the earth and a natural product (ox gall) to help the pigments transfer to the paper. Rose twigs and horsehair brushes are used to sprinkle the paints which are then made into various designs using combs and other tools. Once the design is complete, a sheet of paper is placed on the tray and then gently lifted to reveal the beautiful artwork.